Confrontation between Mizoram and Assam, Why?
After recent violence erupted between two north-eastren states Mizoram and Assam on the border issue, it again appears on the headlines. This is not the first time of such disputes between them. The 164.6-kilometer border between Assam and Mizoram is the epicenter of the problem. Assam’s Cachar, Hailakandi, and Karimganj districts share a border with Mizoram’s Kolasib, Mamit, and Aizawl districts.
But this time it is significant that Assam Chief Minister Himanth Sharma seems aggressive even after intervention of Home Minister Amit Shah to restore order. He is not only Chief Minister of the state, also he is at helm of affairs of the party in northeastern area., and convenor of 'NEDA'(North East democratic alliance), founded with anti congress forces. He was accused of instigating clashes, some section of people suspect this on seeing aggressiveness of Himanth Sarma.
The Northeastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act of 1971 carved out three new states in the region, namely Manipur, Meghalaya, and Tripura, from Assam. The Union Territories of Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh were also established.
What is the dispute?
Showdowns between Assam and Mizoram people are less common than, for example, Assam and Nagaland residents in the intricate border equations of the Northeast. Despite this, the current 165-kilometer border between Assam and Mizoram comes from the colonial era, when Mizoram was known as Lushai Hills, an Awesome region.
The controversy comes from two notifications: one from 1875 that distinguished the Lushai Hills from the Cachar plains, and another from 1933 that established a border between the Lishai Hills and Manipur.
According to Mizoram, the boundary should be drawn according to the 1875 announcement. Mizo authorities have previously complained that Mizo society was not consulted when the demarcation was announced in 1933. The Assam administration adheres to the 1933 delineation, which was the source of contention.
Following the Mizo peace treaty struck between the Mizos and the Union government in 1987, Mizoram was proclaimed a state. While the 1933 agreement served as the foundation for the state, the Mizos insisted on using the previous boundaries. Along the border, there have been regular conflicts.